Women's History: Dirt on Their Skirts

“Take me out to the ball game,” sang Katie Casey in the famous baseball anthem. Katie was not alone. Women and girls have always loved and played the game and have worked hard to fulfill their baseball dreams. In this unit, students will analyze milestones and events in the history of women and girls in baseball to determine how their achievements led to greater opportunities for all.

Thematic Unit Objective

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Discuss gender stereotypes in sports, and learn how female baseball players have challenged those stereotypes.

Explore the important role played by the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in American history.

Compare and contrast the experiences of female baseball players and all-women's baseball teams during different eras of American history.

Baseball has given me joy, though I had to really fight to get it. I’d like to see the next generation of girls get the joy—without the fight.

Ballplayer Julie Croteau, 2006

Rookie (Grades 3-5)

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Lesson 1 (Pre-Visit): Baseball Is a Girl Thing

Students will discuss common gender stereotypes, and learn how the women of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League challenged stereotypes about girls and sports.

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Lesson 2 (Pre-Visit): Meet the All-American Girls

Students will learn about the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League along with other non-traditional roles held by women during World War II.

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Lesson 3 (Pre-Visit): The All-American Girls Hit the Road

Students examine photographs and primary sources to draw conclusions about daily life in the AAGPBL.

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Lesson 4: On-Site Visit or Virtual Field Trip

Students will work with museum teachers to reinforce concepts and ideas introduced in the classroom.

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Lesson 5 (Post-Visit): Honoring Women Who Played

Students will review what they have learned about female ballplayers and all-women's baseball teams.

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Intermediate (Grades 6-8)

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Lesson 1 (Pre-Visit): In the Front Office: Female Executives

In this lesson, students will explore the backgrounds, accomplishments, and impacts made by women in executive roles in Major League baseball.

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Lesson 2 (Pre-Visit): On the Field: The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League

Students will learn about the experiences of women who played with the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.

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Lesson 3 (Pre-Visit): In The Press Box: Female Reporters

Students will gain a basic understanding of sports journalism.

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Lesson 4: On-Site Visit or Virtual Field Trip

Students will work with museum teachers to reinforce concepts and ideas introduced in the classroom.

Book your On-Site Field Trip or Virtual Field Trip


Lesson 5 (Post-Visit): Honoring Women Who Played

Students will review what they have learned about female ballplayers and all-women's baseball teams.

Download Full Lesson Plan

Advanced (Grades 9-12)

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Lesson 1 (Pre-Visit): In the Front Office: Female Executives

In this lesson, students will explore the backgrounds, accomplishments, and impacts made by women in executive roles in Major League baseball.

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Lesson 2 (Pre-Visit): On the Field: The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League

Through analysis of primary and secondary sources, students learn about the role of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in U.S. History.

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Lesson 3 (Pre-Visit): In The Press Box: Female Reporters

Students will discuss their opinions on gender equality in the field of sports journalism.

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Lesson 4: On-Site Visit or Virtual Field Trip

Students will work with museum teachers to reinforce concepts and ideas introduced in the classroom.

Book your On-Site Field Trip or Virtual Field Trip


Lesson 5 (Post-Visit): Women Breaking Barriers: Title IX

Students will read and discuss the legislation commonly known as "Title IX."

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Common Core Standards

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CCSS ELA CONTENT: RL.3.1/4.1/5.1, RL.3.3/4.3/5.3, RL.3.4/4.4/5.4, SL.3.1/4.1/5.1, SL.3.2/4.2/5.2