Eras Committees

The Eras Committees consider retired Major League Baseball players no longer eligible for election by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA), along with managers, umpires and executives, whose greatest contributions to the game were realized in one of three eras. Committees meet at the MLB Winter Meetings.

The Eras Committee has been a part of the Hall of Fame voting process since the first class of electees in 1936, with the first Eras Committee electees coming in 1937. In all its forms, the Eras Committee has elected 165 individuals (96 major leaguers, 28 executives, 22 managers, 10 umpires and nine Negro Leaguers) to the Hall of Fame.

Three separate electorates considered by era will create a single composite ballot of managers, umpires, executives and long-retired players on an annual basis, with the the Pre-Integration Era Committee candidates to be considered at the 2015 Winter Meetings for Induction in 2016, the Expansion Era Committee candidates to be considered at the 2016 Winter Meetings for induction in 2017 and the Golden Era Committee candidates to be considered at the 2017 Winter Meetings for induction in 2018.

Pre-Integration Era

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Rules for Election for Managers, Umpires, Executives and Players for Pre-Integration Era Candidates to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Name: The Pre-Integration Era Committee ("The Committee") shall refer to the electorate that considers retired Major League Baseball players no longer eligible for election by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA), along with managers, umpires and executives, whose greatest contributions to the game were realized prior to 1947.

Membership: The Pre-Integration Era Committee shall consist of 16 members, comprised of members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, executives, and veteran media members. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. shall act as the non-voting chairman of the committee and shall act as non-voting Secretary of the Committee.

Method of Appointment: The Hall of Fame's Board of Directors shall appoint the Committee.

Term – Each appointee is to serve for a renewable term, with the Committee scheduled to meet on a cycle of once every three years.

Time and Place of Election – Beginning in 2012, an election for Pre-Integration Era candidates shall be held every three years at the Major League Baseball Winter Meetings. A quorum will consist of three-fourths of the total membership of the committee. Proxies are permitted in emergency situations only. In the absence of a quorum, a conference call with absent committee members will be permitted.

Golden Era

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Rules for Election for Managers, Umpires, Executives and Players for Golden Era Candidates to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Name: The Golden Era Committee ("The Committee") shall refer to the electorate that considers retired Major League Baseball players no longer eligible for election by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA), along with managers, umpires and executives, whose greatest contributions to the game were realized from the 1947-1972 era.

Membership: The Golden Era Committee shall consist of 16 members, comprised of members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, executives, and veteran media members. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. shall act as the non-voting chairman of the committee and shall act as non-voting Secretary of the Committee.

Method of Appointment: The Hall of Fame's Board of Directors shall appoint the Committee.

Term – Each appointee is to serve for a renewable term, with the Committee scheduled to meet on a cycle of once every three years.

Time and Place of Election – Beginning in 2011, an election for Golden Era candidates shall be held every three years at the Major League Baseball Winter Meetings. A quorum will consist of three-fourths of the total membership of the committee. Proxies are permitted in emergency situations only. In the absence of a quorum, a conference call with absent committee members will be permitted.

Expansion Era

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Rules for Election for Managers, Umpires, Executives and Players for Expansion Era Candidates to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Name: The Expansion Era Committee ("The Committee") shall refer to the electorate that considers retired Major League Baseball players no longer eligible for election by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA), along with managers, umpires and executives, whose greatest contributions to the game were realized from the 1973-present era.

Membership: The Expansion Era Committee shall consist of 16 members, comprised of members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, executives, and veteran media members. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. shall act as the non-voting chairman of the committee and shall act as non-voting Secretary of the Committee.

Method of Appointment: The Hall of Fame's Board of Directors shall appoint the Committee.

Term – Each appointee is to serve for a renewable term, with the Committee scheduled to meet on a cycle of once every three years.

Time and Place of Election – Beginning in 2010, an election for Expansion Era candidates shall be held every three years at the Major League Baseball Winter Meetings. A quorum will consist of three-fourths of the total membership of the committee. Proxies are permitted in emergency situations only. In the absence of a quorum, a conference call with absent committee members will be permitted.

Era Rules for Election

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Eligible Candidates – Eligible candidates must be selected from:

(A) Eligible candidates must be selected from managers, umpires, executives and players, who meet following criteria related to their classification:

• Players who played in at least 10 major league seasons, who are not on Major League Baseball's ineligible list, and have been retired for 16 or more seasons;
• Managers and umpires with 10 or more years in baseball and retired for at least five years. Candidates who are 65 years or older are eligible six months following retirement;
• Executives retired for at least five years. Active executives 65 years or older are eligible for consideration.

(B) Those whose careers entailed involvement in multiple categories will be considered for their overall contribution to the game of Baseball; however, the specific category in which these individuals shall be considered will be determined by the role in which they were most prominent. In those instances when a candidate is prominent as both a player and as a manager, executive or umpire, the BBWAA-appointed Historical Overview Committee shall determine that individual's category as a player, as a manager or as an umpire or as an executive/pioneer. Those designated as players must fulfill the requirements of 6 (A).

(C) Any person designated by the Office of the Commissioner of Major League Baseball as ineligible shall not be an eligible candidate.

Screening Committee - The BBWAA-appointed Historical Overview Committee shall serve as the Screening Committee and consist of 10-12 representatives. The Committee shall identify 12 candidates for the Expansion Era Ballot, 10 candidates for Golden Era Ballot and 10 candidates for Pre-Integration Era Ballot

Ballot Size - The final Ballot shall consist of 12 candidates for the Expansion Era, 10 candidates for the Golden Era and 10 candidates for the Pre-Integration Era.

Voting - The Committee shall consider all candidates and voting shall be based upon the individual's record, ability, integrity, sportsmanship, character and contribution to the game. Electors may vote for as few as zero (0) and as many as five (5) eligible candidates in the Expansion Era election, four (4) eligible candidates in the Golden Era Election and four (4) eligible candidates in the Pre-Integration Era Election. Write-in votes are not permitted.

Number to be Elected - All candidates receiving votes on at least 75% of ballots cast will earn election.

Minutes/Certification - The Committee shall keep minutes of its meetings, one copy of which is to be placed on file at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. The results of the election shall be certified by the Secretary of the Committee.

Amendments - The Board of Directors of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. reserves the right to revoke, alter or amend these rules at any time.

Voting Information

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