Manley, Effa

Effa L. Manley
Born: March 27, 1897, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: April 16, 1981, Los Angeles, California
Elected to the Hall of Fame by Negro Leagues Committee: 2006

Co-owner and business manager of the Newark Eagles from 1936 to 1948, Effa Manley was noted for running one of the most professional organizations in the Negro leagues. Using her position with Newark to crusade for civil rights, Manley made the Eagles a social force off the field and a baseball force on it, as the club was usually a top-division team and won the Negro League World Series in 1946. With the sale of Monte Irvin to the New York Giants, Manley established the precedent that major league clubs should respect the contracts of the Negro leagues.

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