#CardCorner: 1963 and 1976 Topps Jim Fregosi
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Fregosi was one of those players whose physical appearance changed drastically from the start of his career to the end. Every player ages, with many adding weight and gray hairs as they move into their 30s. But in Fregosi’s case, the physical changes were so dramatic as to be stunning.
Fregosi’s 1963 Topps card, the second produced by the company, shows him in the prime of youth, with a clean-shaven baby face, a lean body and a close-cropped short haircut in keeping with the styles of players in that era. Frankly, this is Fregosi from a time that I don’t remember quite as well. I wasn’t born yet in ‘63 and wouldn’t start following the game until my seventh birthday – which didn’t come until 1972.
The Fregosi that I remember more closely resembles the one seen on his 1976 Topps card. It is 13 years later than the first Topps card, but it could just as well be 30 years. This Fregosi has long black hair flowing down over his collar, a fuller and more circular face, and an expanding waistline that is only underscored by the beltless polyester pants of the era. In this shot, Fregosi looks nothing like his former self. If you were to put these two cards next to each other, and cover the names and the uniform logos, you would be hard-pressed to conclude that these were photographs of the same ballplayer.
By 1976, Fregosi was near the end of his career. At his peak in the 1960s, Fregosi was about as good a shortstop as could be found. He had no legitimate weakness in his game. He could hit, hit with power, steal an occasional base and play a Gold Glove caliber shortstop. He also hustled and provided leadership in a way uncharacteristic of players still in their 20.
As good a shortstop as Fregosi was, he was a player who somehow got away from his original organization and made his way to an expansion team. In 1960, the Boston Red Sox signed Fregosi to his first contract, giving him a bonus of $20,000. They told him to report to Alpine, Texas, a Red Sox affiliate in the Class D Sophomore League. There he batted a respectable .267, drew 74 walks, and hit six home runs – and played well enough to make the All-Star team.
After the 1960 season, the Red Sox had to decide which players to protect from the upcoming expansion draft. Since the 18-year-old Fregosi wasn’t anywhere near ready for major league duty, the Red Sox left him unprotected. Given his lack of readiness, the Sox figured that neither of the two American League expansion teams, the Los Angeles Angels or the Washington Senators, would draft a player so far from the big leagues. To the surprise of many, the Angels decided to take the patient approach and make Fregosi the 35th pick of the expansion draft. They assigned him to Triple-A Dallas/Ft. Worth, their affiliate in the American Association.
Fregosi made 53 errors at Dallas/Ft. Worth but showed enough with the bat to earn a September call-up to the Angels. He then returned to Triple-A to start the 1962 season, continuing his minor league apprenticeship. By the middle of the summer, the Angels brought him to Los Angeles and made him their starting shortstop.
It did not take long for Fregosi to make a sterling impression on his manager. “This boy is going to be the Angels’ shortstop for many years,” Angels manager Bill Rigney informed the Sporting News. “Next to Willie Mays, he has more ability than any young player I’ve ever managed.” Rigney, of course, had managed Mays during his days as manager of the New York/San Francisco Giants.
The pressure of being named in the same breath as Mays had little tangible effect on Fregosi. Over 58 games, he batted .291. Thanks to such a good impression, Fregosi was the club’s Opening Day shortstop in 1963. He played well both offensively and defensively, earning some support in the American League MVP balloting. Then came his breakout season of 1964. Fregosi hit with considerable power, clubbing 18 home runs, while also doubling his walks total, from 36 to 72. Now a far more disciplined hitter with a better understanding of the strike zone, he emerged as the best hitting shortstop in the entire league.
Every day in camp, Hodges hit dozens of ground balls to Fregosi, helping acclimate him to his new position. One day, Hodges hit a grounder that took a bad hop and caught Fregosi on his bare hand, specifically his thumb. The grounder fractured Fregosi’s thumb, putting him in a cast for the rest of Spring Training.
Determined to come back quickly, Fregosi returned to the playing field in time for Opening Day, which arrived late because of the players’ strike. In reality, Fregosi came back too soon from his broken hand. The thumb still bothered him, particularly at the plate. By his own admission, Fregosi’s eating and drinking habits also contributed to a bad season in New York. “I was leading the good life and I loved it,” Fregosi told Jack Lang, the Mets’ correspondent with the Sporting News. “But I was paying for it on the field.” For the season, he hit only .232 with five home runs, numbers that were nearly identical to his subpar 1971 performance.
The Mets hoped that his second season in Queens would reveal more of the old Fregosi. The veteran infielder stopped drinking and reported to Spring Training in better shape, but his play still suffered. Over his first 45 games in 1973, he batted .234 without a single home run. The Mets decided to give up on the former All-Star. On July 11, after watching him clear waivers, the Mets sold Fregosi to the Texas Rangers, receiving only a small sum of cash in return.
In contrast to the Mets, the Rangers viewed Fregosi as a utility player. Playing for manager Whitey Herzog, Fregosi filled in at third base and first base. The following year, he continued to perform as a bench player for new manager Billy Martin. Fregosi hit 12 home runs in his role as a supersub, making him one of the more productive backup players in the American League.
Fregosi remained with the Rangers until June of 1977, when Texas traded him to the Pittsburgh Pirates for outfielder/catcher Ed Kirkpatrick. Fregosi performed admirably for the hard-hitting Pirates, putting up a .908 OPS as a backup infielder to Bill Robinson and Phil Garner before slumping the following spring.
In the middle of the 1978 season, the Pirates received a call from the Angels’ front office. Angels owner Gene Autry wanted to see if Fregosi had any interest in becoming the team’s manager. Fregosi had already accumulated some experience in the dugout, having worked one season of winter ball back in 1970. Would Fregosi be willing to give up his playing career to concentrate on becoming a fulltime manager? He pondered the decision before making up his mind. Fregosi told the Pirates that he wanted to retire so that he could pursue the opportunity with the Angels. The Pirates gave him their blessing.
The decision to become manager brought Fregosi full circle with Nolan Ryan, who by now was the established ace of the Angels. Fregosi took well to his new line of work, surprising no one who had remembered his leadership skills during his playing days with the Angels. In one of Fregosi’s best moves, he made hard-hitting Brian Downing his starting catcher, a change that greatly improved the Angels’ offense. Taking over an underachieving team, Fregosi applied an old school approach and steered the Angels to a strong second-half finish. The next summer, Fregosi’s Angels won the American League West, advancing to the postseason for the first time in franchise history.
Fregosi would have to wait awhile for his next trip to postseason play. After an unsuccessful term leading the Chicago White Sox, Fregosi found satisfaction in 1993 when he guided a wild group of Philadelphia Phillies to the National League pennant. No longer as unyielding in his managerial style, Fregosi became more patient with his players. The approach fit in well with the Phillies, who featured strong, hard-charging characters like Darren Daulton, Lenny Dykstra, Pete Incaviglia, Curt Schilling and Mitch Williams. Despite the team having a number of flaws, Fregosi led the Phillies to within two games of the world championship.
A few years later, Fregosi joined the Toronto Blue Jays under difficult circumstances. During Spring Training in 1999, Jays manager Tim Johnson admitted having lied about seeing combat in the Vietnam War. The Jays fired Johnson; with little advance notice, they made Fregosi their manager. Despite having almost no chance to prepare for the job and the season, Fregosi led the Jays to a record above .500. He did the same next year. But the Jays dismissed him after the second season.
Though he never won a world championship, Fregosi managed for 15 seasons and won roughly 48 percent of his games. Still, Fregosi wasn’t done. He moved on to a scouting position with the Atlanta Braves, where he carved out such a good reputation that he earned the George Genovese Award for “excellence in scouting” in 2010.
During his days in Philadelphia, I happened to visit the Phillies’ Spring Training camp as part of my duties for the Hall of Fame. I saw Fregosi sitting in the dugout and considered approaching him for an interview. His burly appearance, along with his booming voice, intimidated me somewhat. I decided not to pursue the interview. It was a decision I came to regret, upon learning that Fregosi was one of the most open and accessible people within the game. Clearly, this was my loss.
Sadly, all of the baseball world lost Fregosi in February of 2014. Six days after suffering a series of strokes aboard a major league alumni cruise, Fregosi died. He was 71.
Fregosi spent 53 of those years in baseball. Whenever I hear his name, a smile comes to me because of the odd connection to Bela Lugosi. That was my early introduction to Fregosi, but I found out that there was a whole lot more to his story than a cool name that rhymed with a Hollywood legend.
Bruce Markusen is the manager of digital and outreach learning at the National Baseball Hall of Fame
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