Secondary Sources about Wendell Smith

The majority of these works used collections available at the National Baseball Hall of Fame Library. All are available for viewing on site in Cooperstown.

The Hall of Fame would also like to thank the Carnegie Museum of Art for the rights to use images of Wendell Smith appearing on this website. These photographs can be found in the Teenie Harris Archive.

Select Journal Articles

  • • Carroll, Brian. “A Crusading Journalist’s Last Campaign: Wendell Smith and the Desegregation of Baseball’s Spring Training.” Communication and Social Change 1 (2007): 38-54.
  • • Carroll, Brian. “A Tribute to Wendell Smith.” Black Ball: A Negro Leagues Journal 2 (2009): 4-11.
  • • Carroll, Brian. “’A Perfect Baseball Day’: Black Press Coverage of the East-West Classic.” Black Ball: A Negro Leagues Journal 1 (2008): 14-27.
  • • Carroll, Brian. “’It Couldn’t Be Any Other Way’: The Great Dilemma for the Black Press and Negro League Baseball.” Black Ball: A Negro Leagues Journal 5 (2012): 5-23.
  • • Carroll, Brian. “The Black Press and the Integration of Professional Baseball: A Content Analysis of Shifts in Coverage, 1945-1948.” Journal of Sports Media 3 (2008): 61-87.
  • • Carroll, Brian. “To Pittsburgh from Chicago: A changing of the Guard in Black Baseball and the Black Press in the 1930s.” Black Ball: A Negro Leagues Journal 2 (2009): 86-105.
  • • Davis, J. "Baseball’s Reluctant Challenge: Desegregating Major League Spring Training Sites, 1961-1964." Journal of Sport History, 19 (1992), 144-162.
  • • Lamb, Chris. “Baseball’s Whitewash: Sportswriter Wendell Smith Exposes Major League Baseball’s Big Lie.” NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture 18 (2009): 1-20.
  • • Lamb, Chris. “’What’s Wrong With Baseball’: The Pittsburgh Courier and the Beginning of its Campaign to Integrate the National Pastime.” The Western Journal of Black Studies 26 (2002): 189-203.
  • • Lester, Larry. “Can You Read, Judge Landis?” Black Ball: A Negro Leagues Journal 1 (2008): 57-82.
  • • McTaggart, Ursula. “Writing Baseball into History: The Pittsburgh Courier, Integration, and Baseball in a War of Position.” American Studies 47 (2006): 113-132.
  • • Schraf, Mark W. “Wendell Smith” in 20th Century American Sportswriters: Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 171, edited by Richard Orodenker. Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1996.
  • • Smith, Ronald A. “The Paul Robeson-Jackie Robinson Saga and a Political Collision.” Journal of Sport History 6 (1979): 5-27.
  • • Stout, Glenn. “Tryout and Fallout: Race, Jackie Robinson, and the Red Sox.” Massachusetts Historical Review 6 (2004): 11-37.
  • • Weaver, Bill L. “The Black Press and the Assault on Professional Baseball’s ‘Color Line,’ October, 1945—April, 1947.” Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 40 (1979): 303-317.
  • • Wiggins, David K. “Wendell Smith, The Pittsburgh Courier, and the the Campaign to Include Blacks in Organized Baseball, 1933-1945." Journal of Sport History (1989).

  • Select Books

  • • Boston, Talmage. 1939: Baseball's Pivotal Year, from the Golden Age to the Modern Era Fort Worth, TX: The Summit Group, 1994.
  • • Eig, Jonathan. Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.
  • • Holtzman, Jerome. No Cheering in the Press Box: Newly Revised and Expanded. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.
  • • James, Bill. The Politics of Glory. New York: MacMillan, 1994.
  • • Lamb, Chris. Blackout: The Untold Story of Jackie Robinson's First Spring Training. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.
  • • Ruck, Rob. Raceball: How the Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2011.
  • • Tygiel, Jules. Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
  • • Tygiel, Jules. Extra Bases: Reflections on Jackie Robinson, Race, and Baseball History. University of Nebraska Press, 2002.
  • • Wiggins, David K. Glory Bound: Black Athletes in a White America. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

    Jackie Robinson's Autobiographies

  • • Robinson, Jackie. Baseball Has Done It. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1964.
  • • Robinson, Jackie, and Alfred Duckett. I Never Had It Made. New York: HarperCollins, 1972.
  • • Robinson, Jackie, and Wendell Smith. My Own Story. New York: Greenberg Co., 1948.
  • • Robinson, Rachel and Lee Daniels. Jackie Robinson: An Intimate Portrait. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.