Wendell Smith Chronology
This chronology is largely focused on Wendell's professional life as it related to baseball journalism and civil rights activism. The chronology also includes the dates of some key social and historical events of the period to provide context.
March 23, 1914
Born in Detroit
Wish Egan of the Detroit Tigers does not sign Wendell to a contract because of Wendell's race
Graduated from West Virginia State College, began work at the Pittsburgh Courier
May 14, 1938
First article directly attacking baseball color line published
Polls National League managers and players about opinions of baseball integration, finds over 75% approve
Proposes an organization to help black athletes modeled on the NAACP
April 24 & May 8, 1943
Publicly challenged President Roosevelt to adopt a "Fair Employment Practice Policy" for professional baseball similar to the one instituted in war industries and governmental agencies
December 3, 1943
Attends joint Major League meetings with Paul Robeson, John Sengstacke, Ira Lewis, and others
May 6, 1944
Article interviewing black baseball player Willie Wells published where Wells famously stated "Here in Mexico, I am a man."
December 12, 1944
Article about Commissioner Kenesaw Landis after the Commissioner's death, denounces Landis's record on integration
April 16, 1945
Arranged the Boston Red Sox tryout for African-American ballplayers (Jackie Robinson, Sam Jethroe, and Marvin Williams)
January 14, 1946
Agrees to join the Brooklyn Dodgers' payroll to serve as Jackie Robinson's mentor and arrange for lodging and travel during spring training in Florida. Wendell would travel with Robinson throughout spring training and during the season in Montreal.
Traveled again with Jackie Robinson during parts of spring training and the Brooklyn season.
October 13, 1947
Applies for membership in the Pittsburgh Chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. Rejected on October 14.
1947 (after baseball season closed)
Joined the white-owned Chicago Herald-American (later known asChicago's American) newspaper, becoming first black columnist at a white newspaper
Accepted by the Chicago Chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. Covered the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Jackie Robinson's first autobiography My Own Story published, ghost-written by Wendell.
Chicago White Sox purchase Florida hotel to avoid segregation, most other teams desegregate housing by the end of the month
Joins television station WGN and the Chicago Sun-Times
January 25, 1971
Met in Commissioner Bowie Kuhn's office as member of the Special Committee on the Negro Leagues for the Baseball Hall of Fame. On February 9th, Commissioner Kuhn announced the Committee's decision to honor Satchel Paige in a separate Negro Leagues area of the Hall of Fame. On July 7th and after significant public outrage, Commissioner Kuhn announced that Paige would be inducted into the Hall of Fame as a full member.
February 8, 1972
Special Committee on the Negro Leagues elects Josh Gibson and Buck Leonard to the Hall of Fame.
Wrote Jackie Robinson's obituary
November 6, 1972
Wendell Smith passes away after a battle with pancreatic cancer
Wendell Smith selected as the 1994 recipient of the J.G. Taylor Spink Award. Wendell's widow Wyonella Smith receives the award on his behalf on July 31, 1994.
February 5, 1997
The National Baseball Hall of Fame officially announces the Wendell Smith Papers collection, donated by Wyonella Smith the previous year.
April 12, 2013
The film 42 is released in theaters. The film focused primarily on Jackie Robinson's first two professional years and his relationship with Wendell Smith.
Umpires Break Through Glass Ceiling
1980 Hall of Fame Game
#Shortstops: Art Pennington: An Equal among Greats
Tommy John visits Hall of Fame
Nolan Ryan eclipses Walter Johnson’s strikeout record
Lou Boudreau Hits a Lead-Off Home Run in All-Star Game
A Hidden Legacy in Plain Sight
Sol White helped change the face of baseball
1965 Hall of Fame Game